Reconstruction of the confluence of the Maas and Waal rivers at Kessel and Lith. The Roman names Vada and Grinnes for the findspots (black dots) are uncertain.
(Vrije Universiteit Archaeological Centre, Amsterdam)
a: Late Medieval levees
b: (sub)modern river meadows
c: probable course of river
d: main zone with ritual deposits in river
e: Late Iron Age and/or Early Roman period settlement area
f: indigenous-Roman settlement
g: older river zone
h: Pleistocene sand