Harbour informations about: Bibliography

Κουκούλη-Χρυσανθάκη, Χ., 1991,

”Ανασκαφή αρχαίων Αβδήρων”, Πρακτικά Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας 146, [1994], 193-199.

(Koukouli-Ghrysanthaki, Ch., 1991, "Anaskaphe Abderon", Praktika Archeologikes Etaireias 146, [1994], pp.193-199.)

Κουκούλη-Χρυσανθάκη, Χ., 1992,

”Ανασκαφή αρχαίων Αβδήρων”, Πρακτικά Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας, [1995], 162-163.

Κουκούλη-Χρυσανθάκη, Χ., 1992

"Anaskaphe Abderon", Praktika Archeologikes Etaireias 147, [1995], pp.162-63.

Κουκούλη-Χρυσανθάκη, Χ., 1993

”Ανασκαφή αρχαίων Αβδήρων”, Πρακτικά Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας, [1996], 135-136.

(1993, "Anaskaphe archaion Abderon", Praktika Archaiologikes Etaireias, [1996], 135-136.)

Σαμίου, Χ., 1993

”Άβδηρα”, Αρχαιολογικόν Δελτίον 48, Χρονικά ’΄2 [1998], 585-586.

(Samiou, Chr., 1993, "Abdera", Archaeologikon Deltion 48, Chronika B 2 [1998], pp. 585-586.)

Σαμίου, Χ., 1994,

”Άβδηρα”, Αρχαιολογικόν Δελτίον 49, Χρονικά ’΄2 [1999], 855.

(1994, "Abdera", Archaeologikon Deltion 49, Chronika B 2 [1999], p. 855.)

Samiou, Chr., 1993

"Ancient Ports of Abdera in Aegean Thrace", TROPIS V, [1999], 363-368.




Abdera


Alzinger, W. και Μητσοπούλου- Λεόν, ’., 1973

”Αιγείρα 1972”, Αρχαιολογικά Ανάλεκτα εξ Αθηνών, 6, 193-200.

(Alzinger, W. & Mitsopoulou-Leon, B., 1973, "Aigeira 1972", Archeologika Analekta ex Athenon, 6, 193-200.)

Alzinger, W., 1974

”Ανασκαφαί Αιγείρας”, Αρχαιολογικά Ανάλεκτα εξ Αθηνών, 7, 157-162.

(Alzinger, W., 1974, "Anaskafai Aigeiras", Archeologika Analekta ex Athenon, 7, 157-162.)

Alzinger, W., 1976,

”Αιγείρα”, Αρχαιολογικά Ανάλεκτα εξ Αθηνών, 9, 162-165.

(1976, "Aigeira", Archeologika Analekta ex Athenon, 9, 162-165.)

Gogos, 1992

"Das Theater von Aigeira. Ein Beitrag zum antiken Theaterbau", Sondeschriften des Österreichischen Archäologisches Institut in Wien, Band 21.

Leake, W.M., 1836

Travels in Morea, 3, London.

Papageorgiou, S., Arnold, M., Laborel, J. and Stiros, S., 1993

"Seismic uplift of the harbour of ancient Aigeira, Central Greece", International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 22.3, pp. 275-281.

Παπαχατζής, Ν., 1980

Παυσανίου Ελλάδος Περιήγησης, 4, Αθήνα, Εκδοτική Αθηνών.

(Papachatzis, N., 1980, Pausanias’ description of Greece, 4. Ekdotike Athenon. Athens.)

Verdelis, N., 1958

"Chronique des fouilles en 1957", Bulletin de Correspondance Hellenique, 726.

Walter, O., 1919

"Eine archäologische Voruntersuchung in Aigeira", Jahreshefte des Österreichischen Instituts in Wien, Beiblatt, 6-42.




Aigeira


Benvenisti M., 1970: The Crusaders in the Holy Land; Israel University Press, Jerusalem

Carmel A. and Baumwoll Z. (eds.), 2000: Dichter Bernhard: Akko, Sites from the Turkish Period; Gothlieb-Schumacher Institute for Research of the Christian Activities in the 19th Century Palestine, University of Haifa

Kestern A., 1993: The Old City of Acre: Re-Examination report 1993; The Old Acre Development Company

Makhouly N., 1941: Guide to Acre; Government of Palestine, Department of Antiquities, Jerusalem

Raban A., 1993: Maritime Acco; in Stern E. (ed.): The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land; The Israel Exploration Society & Carta, Jerusalem .




Akko


G.Lugli, Le antiche ville dei Colli Albani prima dell'occupazione domiziana, BullCom 42 (1914) 251ff. - G.Ucelli, Le navi di Nemi (2.Aufl. 1950) - G.Ghini, Prospezioni subacquee nei laghi Albano e Nemenese, Bollettino di Archeologia Subacquea III 1-2 (1995-96) 184 ff. (mit älterer sowie weiterer Literatur)




Albo/Nemi


Aupert P., 1996 Guide d'Amathonte, De Boccard, Paris
Aupert P., 1980 "Amathonte. Rapport Préliminaire (1975-1979)", Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (1980), Nicosia, 217-231
Empereur J.-Y., 1985 "Le Port d’Amathonte", Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 109 (1985), 984-989
Empereur J.-Y., C.Verlinden, 1986 "Le Port d’Amathonte", Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 110 (1986), 899-907
Empereur J.-Y., C.Verlinden, 1986 "The Underwater Excavation at the Ancient Port of Amathus in Cyprus", The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 15.4 (1986), 1-13
Empereur J.-Y., C.Verlinden, 1986 "Le Port Antique d’ Amathonte à Chypre", Archéologia 215 (1986), 32-37
Empereur J.-Y., C.Verlinden, 1987 "The Underwater Excavation at the Ancient Port of Amathus in Cyprus", The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 16.1, 7-18
Empereur J.-Y., C.Verlinden, 1987 "Le Port d’ Amathonte", Bullentin de Correspondance Hellénique 111 (1987), 755-759
Empereur J.-Y., 1995 "Le Port Hellénistique d’ Amathonte" in Karageorgis V. – D. Michaelides (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea, University of Cyprus-Cyprus Ports Authority, Nicosia, 131-138
Μαραγκού Α. Γ., Τα Λιμάνια της Κύπρου, Πολιτιστικό Κέντρο Λαϊκής Τράπεζας, Λευκωσία, 224-228
Aupert P. (ed), Amathonte VI, Le Port d’ Amathonte …EFA
Aupert P. (ed), 1979 "Rapport sur les Travaux de la Mission de l’ Ecole Francaise a Amathonte en 1978. Les Activite sur le Terrain. Le Port d’ Amathonte" Bullentin de Correspondance Hellénique 103 (1979), 725-728
Aupert P. (ed), 1999 Οδηγός Αμαθούντας, Πολιτιστικό Ίδρυμα Τράπεζας Κύπρου, Λευκωσία
Raban A., 1995 "The heritage of ancient harbour engineering in Cyprus and the Levant" in Karageorgis V. – D. Michaelides (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea, University of Cyprus-Cyprus Ports Authority, Nicosia, 158-161
Νικολάου Κ., 1966 ”Αρχαίοι λιμένες εν Κύπρω”, Δελτίον Τμήματος Πολιτιστικής Αναπτύξεως Υπουργείου Παιδείας Κύπρου 6-7 (1966), Λευκωσία, 96-97


Amathous


K.Lehmann-Hartleben, Die antiken Hafenanlagen des Mittelmeeres (1923) 254 Kat.Nr.85 sv. Emporion - H.O.Lamprecht, Opus Caementitium. Bautechnik der Römer (1985) 115f. - D.Marzoli, Küstenforschung im Ampurdán. Ein Vorbericht, MM 36 (1995) 233ff.




Ampurias


E.Felici, F.Castagnoli, Astuca, Studi Romani 1963, 637-644 - E.Felici, G.Balderi, Nuovi documenti per la topografia portuale di Antium, in: Atti del convegno nazionale di archeologia subacquea, Anzio 1996 (Bari 1997) 11-20 - E.Felici, Osservazioni sul porto neroniano di Anzio e sulla tecnica romana delle costruzioni portuali in calcestruzzo, Asubacq  I (1993) 71-104 - E.Felici, La ricerca sui porti romani in cementizio: metodi e obiettivi, in: G.Volpe (Hrsg.), Archeologia subacquea. Come opera l’archeologo, storie delle acque. VIII ciclo di lezioni sulla Ricerca applicata in Archeologia, Certosa di Pontignano 1996 (Florenz 1998) 275-340.




Anzio


G.Brusin, Gli scavi di Aquileia (1934) - L.Bertacchi, Il porto fluviale, in: Da Aquileia a Venezia. Una mediazione tra l'Europa e l'Oriente dal II secolo a.C. al VI secolo d.C.(1980) - M.Mirabella Roberti, Il porto romano di Aquileia, Kongressband Convegno Internazioanli di Studi sulle Antichità di Classe, Ravenna 1967 (1968) 383-395 - L.Bertacchi, Il sistema portuale della metropoli aquileiese, Antichità Altoadriatiche 36, 1990>




Aquileia


F.Piccarreta, Astura. Forma Italiae R.I, 13 (1977) - F.Piccarreta, Astura. Pasato e presente, Antiqua 1976,2, 3-16 - F.Castagnoli, Astura, StRom 11 (1963) 637-644 - zur Fischzucht innerhalb einer römischen Villa und zu deren Installationen s. H.Mielsch, Die römische Villa. Architektur und Lebensform (1987), passim - E.Felici, La ricerca sui porti romani in cementizio: metodi e obiettivi, in: G.Volpe (Hrsg.), Archeologia subacquea. Come opera l’archeologo, storie delle acque. VIII ciclo di lezioni sulla Ricerca applicata in Archeologia, Certosa di Pontignano 1996 (Florenz 1998) 275-340.




Astura


Benvenisti M., 1970: The Crusaders in the Holy Land; Israel University Press, Jerusalem

Raban A., 1985: Ancient Harbours of Israel in Bublical Times; in Raban A. (ed.): Habour Archaeology – Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Ancient Mediterranean Harbours. Caesarea Maritima, 24-28.6.83; BAR International series 257: 11- 44

Raban A., 1993: Atlit-Yam; in Stern E. (ed.): The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land; vol. I; The Israeli Defense Ministry




Atlit


Holum G. K., Hohlfelder R. L., Bull J. R., Raban A., 1988: King Herod‘s Dream: Caesarea on the Sea; W. W. Norton & Company, New York - London

Negev A. and Gibson S., 2001 (revised and updated ed.): Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land; Continuum, New York - London

Oleson P. J., 1985: Herod and Vitruvius: Preliminary Thoughts on Harbour Engineering at Sebastos; the Harbour of Caesarea Maritima; in: Raban A. (ed.): Harbour Archaeology: Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Ancient Mediterranean Harbours, Caesarea Maritima, 24-28.6.83; BAR International Series 257

Raban A. and Oleson P. J. (gen. Ed), 1989: The Harbours of Caesarea Maritima: Results of the Caesarea Ancient Harbour Excavation Project. 1980-1985; Part i and ii; BAR International Series 491

Raban A. and Holum K. G. (eds.), 1996: Caesarea Maritima A Perspective after Two Millennia; E. J. Brill; Leiden, New York, London

Vann L. R., 1991: The Drusion: a candidate for the Herod’s lighthouse at Caesarea Maritima; IJNA 20.2: 125-139

------------- (ed.), 1992: Caesarea Papers: Straton‘s Tower, Herod‘s Harbour, and Roman and Byzantine Caesarea; Ann Arbor, MI

Whiston W. (translated), 1991: Josephus Flavius: The Complete Works of Josephus; Kregel Publications; Grand Rapids, Michigan 49501




Caesarea


K.Lehmann-Hartleben, Die antiken Hafenanlagen des Mittelmeeres (1923) 258 f. Kat.Nr.126 sv. Karthago - zum UNESCO-Programm: F.Rakob, Die internationalen Ausgrabungen in Karthago 1985, in: Karthago. Wege der Forschung 654 (1992) 46-75 .  Zusammenfassend zu den Häfen:   S.Lancel, Carthage (1992), zum Hafen s. 192-211 mit älterer Bibliographie - K.Lehmann-Hartleben, Die antiken Hafenanlagen des Mittelmeeres (1923) 258f. Katnr. 126 - R.A.Yorke, Les ports engloutis de Tripolitaine et de Tunisie, Archeologia 17 (1967) 18-24 - R.A.Yorke u.a., Offshore survey of the harbours of Carthage, IJNA 5.2 (1976) - H.Hurts, Excavations at Carthago 1975, AntJ 56 (1976) 177-197 - H.Hurts, Excavations at Carthage 1976, AntJ 57 (1977) 232-261 - H.Hurst-L.E.Stager, A metropolitan landscape: the Late Punic port f Carthage, World Archaeology 9,3 (1978) 334-346 - H.Hurst, Excavations at Carthage 1977-78, AntJ 59 (1979) 19-49 - R.A.Yorke, J.H.Little, Ofshore Survey at Carthage (Tunisia), IJNA 4 (1975) 94-98 - zu den Keramikfunden: H.R.Hurst, Excavations at Carthage: The British Mission II 1. The circular harbour, north side: the site and finds other than pottery (1995) - H.R.Hurst, Excavations at Carthage: The British Mission II 2. The circular harbour, north side: the pottery (1995) - zu den Bautechniken: R.A.Yorke-D.P.Davidson, Survey of building techniques at the Roman Harbours of Carthage and some North African Ports, in: A.Raban (Hrsg.), Kongressband I

International Workshop on Ancient Mediterranean Harbours, Haifa 983, BAR 257 (1985) 157-164.




Carthage


S.Bastianelli, Centumcellae (1954) - R.Bartoccini, L'antico porto romano di Centumcellae, in: Civitavecchia III (1961) 13-17 - H.O.Lamprecht, Opus caementitium.Bautechnik der Römer (1985) - E.Leoncini, Il porto di Civitavecchia, OC 40 (1992)




Civitavecchia


A.M.McCann, u.a., The Roman Port and Fishery of Cosa. A Center of Ancient Trade (1987), rezensiert: E.G.Rickman, AJA 92 (1988) 301-302 - E.Felici, G.Baldieri, Il porto romano di Cosa: note per l’interpretazione di un’opera marittima in cementizio, Asubacq II (1997) 11-19 - zusammenfassend zur Topographie und Umgebung: M.Celuzza (Hrsg.), Führer durch die antike Maremma (1997) 262-272, zum Hafen und zur Fischverarbeitung s. 272f. - E.Felici, La ricerca sui porti romani in cementizio: metodi e obiettivi, in: G.Volpe (Hrsg.), Archeologia subacquea. Come opera l'archeologo. Storie dalle acque.VIII Ciclo di Lezioni sulla Ricerca applicata in Archeologia, Certosa di Pontignano (Siena)1996 (Florenz 1998) 275-340




Cosa


Baly D., 1957: The Geography of the Bible: A Study in Historical Geography; Harper & Brothers Publication, New York

Benvenisti M., 1970: The Crusaders in the Holy Land; Israel University Press, Jerusalem

Raban A., 1985: The Ancient Harbours of Israel in Biblical Times; in Raban A. (ed.): Harbour Archaeology- Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Ancient Mediterranean Harbours. Caesarea Maritima, 24-28.6.83; BAR International Series 257: 11 - 44

----------- 1987: The Harbour of the Sea Peoples at Dor; Biblical Archaeologists: 118 - 26

----------- 1995: Dor-Yam; Maritime and Coastal Installations at Dor in their Geomorphological and Stratigraphic Context; in: Stern E. (ed.): Excavations at Dor, final Report, Volume I A; Areas A and C: Introduction and Stratigraphy; Qedem Reports; the Israel Exploration Society

Raveh K. and Kingsley S., 1991: The Status of Dor in Late Antiquaty: A Maritime Perspective; Biblical Archaeologist 54.4: 198-207

Wachsmann S, and Raveh K., 1984: A Concise Nautical History of Dor/Tantura; International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 13: 223 – 41

Wente E. F., 1973: The Report of Wenamon; in Simpson W. K. (ed.): The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions and Poetry; Yale University Press: 142-55




Dor


This text is based on:
W.A.van Es & W.J.H.Verwers, Excavations at Dorestad 1. The Harbour: Hoogstraat I. Nederlandse Oudheden 9, Amersfoort 1980.
W.A.van Es, Wijk bij Duurstede: Dorestad, een handelsplaats uit de tijd van Karel de Grote, in: W.A.van Es, H.Sarfatij & P.J.Woltering (eds), Archeologie in Nederland, Amersfoort/Amsterdam, 1988, pags. 170-173.
W.A.van ES, Dorestad centred, in: J.C.Besteman, J.M.Bos & H.A.Heidinga (eds), Medieval Archaeology in the Netherlands, Assen/Maastricht 1990.




Dorestad


Philp, B, The excavation of the Roman forts of the Classis Britannica at Dover 1970-1977. Publ. by the Kent Archaeological Rescue Unit, Dover Castle, Kent, 1981.

Rigold, S, "The Roman haven of Dover", Archaeological Journal CXXVI, 1969, pp. 78-99.

Wheeler, R, "The Roman lighthouse at Dover", Archaeological Journal LXXXVI (second series XXXVI), 1929, pp. 29-46.




Dover


’ρανόπουλος Ε., 1995

«Ιστορία της Εύβοιας». Αθήνα

 

Γεωργιάδης Α., 1913

« Εις την άνω Ερετρικήν επιγραφή», Αρχαιολογική ΕφημερίδαΕφημερίς, σελ. 214- 215.

Georgiadis A. M., 1907

"Les ports de la Grèce dans l´Antiquité qui subsistent encore aujourd´hui".

Athènes

Θέμελης Π., 1969

«Ερετριακά», Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς, 154- 157

Καλλιγάς Π. Γ., 1983

«Ανασκαφή στην Ερέτρια, 1981» Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς, 106- 136, πιν. 38- 46

 

Καμπούρογλου Ε., 1989

«ΕΡΕΤΡΙΑ, Παλαιογεωγραφική και Γεωμορφολογική Εξέλιξη κατά το Ολόκαινο Σχέση Φυσικού Περιβάλλοντος και Αρχαίων Οικισμών». Αθήνα.

Κούρου Ν., 1993

«Εύβοια και Ανατολική Μεσόγειος στις Αρχές της Πρώτης Χιλιετίας», Αρχείον Ευβοϊκών Μελετών 29 (1990- 1991), 237- 279

Κοντολέων Ν., 1963

«Οι Αειναύται της Ερέτριας», Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς, 1- 45

Krause C., 1982

"Zur Stadtebaulichen Entwicklung Eretrias", Antike Kunst 25, 137- 144

Lehmann- Hartleben K., 1924

"Die Antiken hafenlangen des Mittelmeers" Leipsing

Παπαβασιλείου Γ., 1913

«Ερετρικός Νόμος», Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς, 210- 214

Pickard J., 1891

"A Topografical Study of Eretria. Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. Excavations by the school at Eretria in 1891", American Journal of Archaeology VII,No 4, 371- 389, εικ. XIV- XIX.

Scranton R., L., 1941

"Greek Walls", 81 London

 

Myres J., 1906

"On the list of Thalassocracies in Eusebius", Journal of Hellenic Studies 96- 97

Σαμψων Α., 1980

«Η Νεολιθική και η Πρωτοελλαδική Ι στην Εύβοια». Αθήνα

Wallace W., P., 1956

"The Euboian League and its Coinage" Toronto

Winter F., E., 1971

"Greek Fortifications" London

1907

" Les ports de la Grèce dans l´Antiquitè




Eretria


Connan J., Maurin B., Long L., & Sebire H. 2001. Identification of pitch and conifer resin in archaeological samples from the Sanguinet lake (Landes, France) : export of pitch on the Atlantic ocean during the Gallo-Roman period.. Revue d’archometrie

Cunliffe B.W. 1986 The First Eight Thousand Years in Jamieson A.G.(ed) A People of the Sea Methuen : London.

Keen R. 1979 Little Russel Amphora Wreck Unpublished Information Sheet: Guernsey.

McGrail, S. 1987. Ancient Boats in North-West Europe – The Archaeology of Water Transport to AD 1500. Longman : London.

McGrail, S. 1983. Ancient Boats. Shire : Aylesbury.

Rule, M. and Monaghan, J. 1993. A Gallo-Roman Trading Vessel from Guernsey.. Guernsey Museum Monograph 5. Sutton : Guernsey.




Guernsey


Xenophon (Hellenica VI 5.30) mentions that around 369BC, when the Thebans were walking towards Helos, burned the unfortified cities and for three days laid siege to Gytheion, which was the Spartan port. Pausanias (III 21, 4-5) mentions the quarrying of Lapis Lacaedemonius, thus supporting historically the archaeological evidence of its trade. The city and its harbour are also mentioned by Thucydides, and other ancient writers such as Strabo, Diodorus Siculus and Pliny.




Gytheion


Edgerton H. & Skoufopoulos N., 1972

"Sonar Search at Gythion Harbour", Αρχαιολογικά Ανάλεκτα Αθηνών 5, 202-6

Forster E. S., 1906-7

"Gythium and the North-west Coast of the Laconian Gulf", Annals of the British School at Athens 13, 219-237

Frost H., 1963

Under the Mediterranean, London

Scoufopoulos-Stavrolakes N. 1985

"Ancient Gythion, the port of Sparta: History and Survey of the Submerged Remnants", in Raban A, (ed.), Harbour Archaeology: Proceedings of the first International workshop of ancient Mediterranean Harbours, Ceasaria Maritima, BAR 257

Scoufopoulos N. & McKernan G., 1975

"Underwater Survey of Ancient Gythion", International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 4.1, 103-116

Thucydides

History of the Peloponnesian War, Ι 108.5 translation R. Warner, Penguin Classics, Harmondsworth

Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης

’ιβλιοθήκη Ιστορική (XI 84.6), μετάφραση Φιλολογική Ομάδα Κάκτου, Κάκτος, Ο. Χατζόπουλος, Αθήνα

Ξενοφώντας

Ελληνικά VI 5.32, μετάφραση Ρ. Ρούφος, Ωκεανίδα, Αθήνα

Παυσανίας

Ελλάδος Περιήγησις ΙΙΙ 21.4, μετάφραση Ν. Παπαχατζή, Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Αθήνα

Jones W.H.S. 1962

Pliny, Natural History, XXXVI-XXXVIII, v. X, Loeb, W. Heinemann, London

Στράβωνας

Γεωγραφία VIII 5.2, μετάφραση Π. Θεοχαρίδης, Κάκτος, Ο. Χατζόπουλος

Σκιάς Α., 1891

«Τοπογραφικά Γυθείου», Πρακτικά Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας, 27-34 (Topography of Gytheion)

Σκιάς Α., 1892

«Τοπογραφικά Γυθείου», Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς, 55-66 (Topography of Gytheion)




Gytheion


Herodotus mentions the foundation of the city after the Persian Wars by the Tirynthians. Thucydides refers to the Athenian landings to the city during the Peloponnesian War, and Xenophon refers to the conflicts during the Corinthian Wars and the troubled era before 362BC. Finally, Pausanias mentions that the city was deserted during his time. The city, without reference to its port, is also mentioned by Strabo and Diodorus Siculus.




Halileis


Flemming N. C., 1968

‘Holocene Earth Movements of Earth Movements and Eustatic Sea Level Change in the Peloponnese’, Nature 217, 1031-2

Herodotus

The Histories VII 137, translation A. De Selincourt, Penguin Classics, Harmondsworth.

Jameson M. H., 1973

‘Halieis in Porto Cheli’, στον Blackman D. J. (ed), Marine Archaeology, Butterworths, London

Jameson M. H., 1969

‘Excavations at Porto Cheli and Vicinity, Preliminary report, I: Halieis, 1962-1968’, Hesperia 38, 311-342

Jameson M. H., 1963

‘Excavations at Porto Cheli’, Αρχαιολογικό Δελτίο 18

Jameson M. H. & C. K. Williams, 1966

‘Halieis’, Αρχαιολογικό Δελτίο 21

Thucydides

History of the Peloponnesian War, VII 12.3-4, I 105.1; II 56.4, IV 45.2, translation R. Warner, Penguin Classics, Harmondsworth

Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης

’ιβλιοθήκη Ιστορική XI 78.1-2, μετάφραση Φιλολογική Ομάδα Κάκτου, Κάκτος, Ο. Χατζόπουλος, Αθήνα

Ξενοφώντας

Ελληνικά I 5.10, μετάφραση Ρ. Ρούφος, Ωκεανίδα, Αθήνα

Παυσανίας

Ελλάδος Περιήγησις ΙΙ 36.1, μετάφραση Ν. Παπαχατζή, Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Αθήνα

Στράβωνας

Γεωγραφία VIII 6.11, μετάφραση Π. Θεοχαρίδης, Κάκτος, Ο. Χατζόπουλος

Φαρακλάς Ν., 1973

Ερμιόνη-Αλιάς, Αρχαίες Ελληνικές πόλεις 19. Αθηναϊκός Τεχνολογικός Όμιλος, Αθηναϊκό Κέντρο Οικιστικής (Hermioni-Halias, Ancient Greek cities 19).




Halileis


Flemming N. C., Raban A. & Goetschel C., 1978: Tectonic and Eustatic Changes on the Mediterranean Coast in Israel in the Last 9,000 Years - Progress in Underwater Science; In: Proceedings of the Underwater Association, 5 (J. C. Gamble & R. A. York, eds.); Pentech Press, London; pp. 33-93

Flinder A., 1985: Secrets of the Bible Seas: An Underwater Archeologist in the Holy Land; Seven Houses Publishers, London

Galili E., 1986: Historical Sea Level Changes and Seafaring Along the Southeastern Mediterranean Coast; In: Cities on the Sea - Past and Present; 1st International Symposium on Harbors, Port Cities and Coastal Topography; Summaries; September 22-29, Haifa, Israel; pp. 69-73

Galili E. & Sharvit J., 1991: Classification of underwater archeological sites along the Mediterranean coast of Israel: Finds from underwater and coastal archeological research; Tracia Pontica V; Actes du Symposium International; 7-12 October, Sozopol, Bulgaria; pp. 269-296

Neev D., Bakler H. & Emery K. O., 1987: Mediterranean Coast of Israel and Sinai; Taylor & Francis, New York

Raban A., 1980: Silting and Development of Mediterranean Harbors in Antiquity; In: Oceanography: The Past (Merriman M. & Sears M., eds.); Springer, New York; pp. 750-764

------------- 1985: The Ancient Harbors of Israel in Biblical Times; In: Harbor Archeology; Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Ancient Mediterranean Harbors-Caesarea Maritime, 24-28.6.83 (Raban A., ed.); BAR International Series 257; pp. 11-44




Israel-Harbors


There is limited written evidence regarding the harbour of Kenchreai. Strabo (Geography, VI. 20 [378], 22 [380]) refers to the increased trading activity and the wealth of the harbour, while Pausanias (ΙΙ. 2, 3) refers to the statues and temples one encounters in the way to Kenchreai, and the mythological origins of the harbour’s name. Kenchreai are also mentioned by Apuleius.




Kenchreai


Adamsheck S., 1978

Kenchreai: Eastern port of Corinth, Results of Investigations by the University of Chicago and Indiana University for the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, IV. The Pottery, Leiden

Apuleius

Metamorphoses (X. 35 [205] [750]), translation E.J. Kenney, Penguin Classics, Harmondsworth

Cummer W.W., 1971

‘A Roman Tomb at Corinthian Kenchreai’, Hesperia 40

Holfelder R., 1978

Kenchreai: Eastern port of Corinth, Results of Investigations by the University of Chicago and Indiana University for the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, III. The Coins, Leiden

Holfelder R., 1973

‘A 6th Century Hoard from Kenchreai’, Hesperia 42

Holfelder R., 970

‘A Small Deposit of Bronze Coins from Kenchreai’, Hesperia 39

Ibrahim L., R. Scranton & R. Brill, 1978

Kenchreai: Eastern port of Corinth, Results of Investigations by the University of Chicago and Indiana University for the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, II. The Panels of Opus Sectile in Glass, Leiden

Scranton R.L., 1966

‘Discoveries at Kenchreai’, Chicago Today 3,2

Scranton R.L., J.W. Shaw & L. Ibrahim, 1978

Kenchreai: Eastern port of Corinth, Results of Investigations by the University of Chicago and Indiana University for the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, I. Topography and Architecture, Leiden

Scranton R.L. & E.S. Ramage, 1967

‘Investigations at Kenchreai, 1963’, Hesperia 36

Scranton R.L. & E.S. Ramage, 1964

‘Investigations at Kenchreai’, Hesperia 33

Shaw J.W., 1970

‘Shallow-water excavation at Kenchreai II’, American Journal of Archaeology 74

Shaw J.W., 1967

‘A double-sheathed pulley block from Kencreai’, Hesperia 36

Παυσανίας,

Ελλάδος Περιήγησις, (ΙΙ. 2, 3) μετάφραση Ν. Παπαχατζή, Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Αθήνα

Στράβων,

Γεωγραφικά, VIII.6. 20[378], 22[380]) μετάφραση Π. Θεωχαρίδης, Κάκτος, Ο. Χατζόπουλος 1994




Kenchreai


Νικολάου Κ., 1966 ”Αρχαίοι Λιμένες εν Κύπρω”, Δελτίον Τμήματος Πολιτιστικής Αναπτύξεως Υπουργείου Παιδείας Κύπρου 6-7 (1966), Λευκωσία, 96

Nicolaou K., 1976 TheΗhistorical Τopography of Kition, in Äström P. (ed.) "Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology" XLIII, Göteborg

Yon M., 1994 Kίτιον. Aνασκαφές στην Πόλη και το Λιμάνι (1976-1993), Mορφωτικό Ίδρυμα Tράπεζας Kύπρου, Λευκωσία, 15-18

Yon M., 1995 "Kition et la Mer a l' Epoque Classique et Hellénistic", in Karageorghis V.-Michaelides D., Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea, University of Cyprus-Cyprus Ports Authority, Nicosia, 119-130

Μαραγκού Ά., 1997 Τα Λιμάνια της Κύπρου, Πολιτιστικό Κέντρο Λαϊκής Τράπεζας, Λευκωσία, 189-223

Ohnefalsh-Richter M., 1893 Kypros, die Bibel und Homer, London

Engvig O. T., P. Åström, 1975 The Cape Kiti Survey. An Underwater Archaeological Survey, in Åström P. (ed.) "Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology" XLV:2, Göteborg


Kition


Leonard R.J., 1995, "Evidence for Roman Ports, Harbours and Anchorages in Cyprus", in Karageorghis V.-Michaelides D., Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea, University of Cyprus-Cyprus Ports Authority, Nicosia




Kourion


Katzev M.L., 1972 "The Kerynia Ship", in Bass George F. (ed.), A History of Seafaring ’ased on Under-water Archaeology, Walter Publishing Company -Thames and Hudson, London

Hill G., 1940 A History of Cyprus I, Cambridge University Press, London

Νικολάου Κ., 1966 ”Αρχαίοι Λιμένες εν Κύπρω”, Δελτίον Τμήματος Πολιτιστικής Αναπτύξεως Υπουργείου Παιδείας Κύπρου 6-7 (1966), Λευκωσία, 98

Μαραγκού Α. Γ., 1997 Τα Λιμάνια της Κύπρου, Πολιτιστικό Κέντρο Λαϊκής Τράπεζας, Λευκωσία, 269-280

Raban A., 1995 "The Ηeritage of Αncient Ηarbour Εngineering in Cyprus and the Levant" in Karageorgis V. – D. Michaelides (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea, University of Cyprus-Cyprus Ports Authority, Nicosia, 166


Kyrenia


Raban A., 1995 "The Ηeritage of Αncient Ηarbour Εngineering in Cyprus and the Levant" in Karageorgis V. – D. Michaelides (ed.), Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea. Nicosia 25-26 September 1993, Nicosia, 165

Νικολάου Κ., 1966 ”Αρχαίοι Λιμένες εν Κύπρω”, Δελτίον Τμήματος Πολιτιστικής Αναπτύξεως Υπουργείου Παιδείας Κύπρου 6-7 (1966), Λευκωσία, 1966, 98

Nicolaou K., 1976 "Ancient Fish-tanks at Lapithos, Cyprus", The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 5.2 (1976), Academic Press for Council for Nautical Archaeology, London

Μαραγκού Α. Γ., Τα Λιμάνια της Κύπρου, Πολιτιστικό Κέντρο Λαϊκής Τράπεζας, Λευκωσία, 1997, 224-284-285

Myres J. L., 1945 "Excavations in Cyprus 1913", Annual of British School at Athens 41 (1940-45), 71-8

Markides M., 1915 "Excavations at Lampousa", Annual Repport of the Curator of Antiquities (1915), Nicosia


Lapethos


Babbit F.C., 1928

Plutarch’s Moralia. The Dinner of the seven Seven Wise Men, LOEB Classical Library, London, William Heinemann Ltd, New York, G.P. Putnam’s Sons

Blegen, C.W., 1921

Korakou, a prehistoric settlement nerar Corinth, Boston-New York, ASCS

Brownson C.L., 1947

Xenophon Hellenica, LOEB Classical Library, Cambridge-Massachusetts, Harvard University Press

Flemming N.C. - Czartoryska N.M.G. - Hunter P.M., 1973

"Eustatic and Tectonic Components of Relative Sea Level Change", pp. 4-5 in Blackman D.(ed.), 1973, Marine Archaeology: Proceedings of the Twenty Third Symposium of the Colston Research Society, held in the University of Bristol, April 4th to 8th, 1971 (Colston Papers 23), Londres, 4-5

Geer M.R., 1954

Diodorus of Sicily, LOEB Classical Library, Cambridge-Massachusetts, Harvard University Press

Georgiades A. S., 1907

Les Ports de la Grèce dans l’ Antiquité qui Subsistent Encore Aujoyrd’ Hui, Athénes

Jones H.L., 1961

The Geography of Strabo, LOEB Classical Library, Cambridge-Massachusetts, Harvard University Press

Θεοδούλου Θ. 2002

«Λέχαιο, το δυτικό τεχνητό λιμάνι της αρχαίας Κορίνθου», Ενάλια VI, Αθήνα, IENAE

(Theodoulou T. 2002, "Lechaeon, the west artificial port of ancient Corinth", Enalia VI, Athens, IENAE)

Kent J.H., 1966

Corinth. The Inscriptions 1926-1950, v. VIII pt. II, Princeton, ASCS, 164, pl. 42

Lehman-Hardleben K., 1923

"Die Antiken Hafenanlagen des Mittelmeeres", Klio, Beiheft XIV, Leipzig, Dieterich’sche Verlagsbuchandlung, 148-152

Mazarakis-Ainian P., 1992

Les Structures Portuaires en Grece Antique, Mémoire présenté en vue de l'obtention du titre de Licencié, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres, Histoire de l'Art et Archéologie, v. II, 50-54

Πάλλας I. Δ., 1963

«νασκαφα Λεχαίου», Aρχαιολογικόν Δελτίον 17 (1961/2): Χρονικά, Αθήναι, 69-78

(Pallas I. D., 1963, "Anaskafae Lechaeou" Archaeologicon Deltion 17 (1961/2): Chronica, Athens, 69-78)

Πάλλας I. Δ. 1965 (α)

«νασκαφ τῆς Παλαιοχριστιανικῆς Bασιλικῆς το Λεχαίου», Πρακτικά Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρείας 1958, Αθήναι, 119-134

(Pallas I. D., 1965(a), "Anaskafi tis palaeochristinikis vasilikis tou Lechaeou" Practika Archaeoligikis Etaerias 1958, Athens, 119-134)

Πάλλας I. Δ., 1965 (β)

«νασκαφ Bασιλικῆς Λεχαίου», Πρακτικά Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρείας 1959, Αθήναι, 126-140

(Pallas I. D., 1965(a), "Anaskafi vasilikis Lechaeou" Practika Archaeoligikis Etaerias 1959, Athens, 126-140)

Παπαχατζής N., 1976

Παυσανίου Ελλάδος Περιήγησις, Aθήνα, Eκδοτική Aθηνών

(Papachatzis N., 1976, Pausaniou Ellados Periegesis, Ekdotike Athenon, Athens)

Paris J., 1915

"Contributions a l’ Édute des Ports Antiques du Monde Grec", Bullentin de Correspondance Hellenic 39 (1915), 5-16

Parsons A.W., 1932

"The Long Walls to the Culf", Corinth v. III, pt. II, Cambridge, Mass, 84-125

Shaw J.W., 1969

"A Foundation in the Inner Harbor at Lechaeum" in American Journal of Archaeology 73, Boston, Archaeological Institute of America, 370-372

Σκιάς A.N., 1895

«νασκαφα ν Kορίνθ», Πρακτικά Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρείας 1892, Αθήναι, 111-136

(Skias A.N., 1895, "Anaskafae en Korintho", Practika Archaeoligikis Etaerias 1892, Athens, 111-136)

Σκιάς A.N., 1907

«νασκαφ ν Kορίνθ», Πρακτικά Aρχαιολογικής Eταιρείας 1906, Αθήναι, 145-166

(Skias A.N., 1907, "Anaskafe en Korintho", Practika Archaeoligikis Etaerias 1906, Athens, 145-166)

Smith C.F., 1956

Thucydides, History og the Peloponnesian War, LOEB Classical Library, London-Cambridge-Massachusetts, Harvard University Press




Lechaeon


K.Lehmann-Hartleben, Die antiken Hafenanlagen des Mittelmeeres (1923) 262 f. Kat.Nr. 149 sv. Leptis Magna - P.Romanelli, Leptis Magna (Rom 1925) mit Planmaterial 1:2000, Militärkarten (Stand 1915) R. Bartoccini, Il Porto Romano di Leptis Magna, Quaderni di Archeologia della Libia 3 (1954) 67-89, s.auch: Bull. del Centro Studi per la Storia dell' Architettura 13, suppl.1958, - R.Bianchi Bandinelli, Leptis Magna ( 1964) - A.Di Vita, Leptis Magna. Die Heimatstadt des Septimius Severus in Nordafrika, AW 27,3 (1996) 173-190 - Abbildungen zu Leuchtürmen s. M.Reddé, La répresentation des phares à l’époque romaine MEFRA 2 (1991) 845-872.




Leptis-Magna


O.Höckmann, Römische Schiffsverbände auf dem Ober- und Mittelrhein und die Verteidigung der Rheingrenze in der Spätantike, RGZM 33 (1986) 369-416 -
O.Höckmann, Reste römischer Prähme und Hafenanlagen vom Kappelhof in Mainz, Mainzer Arch. Zeitschrift 2 (1995) 131-166




Mainz


Childs W.P., 1988 "First preliminary report on the excavations at Polis Chrysochous by Princeton University", Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (1988), Nicosia, 121-130

Childs W.P., 1999 "Princeton excavations at Polis Chrysochous 1994-1997", Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (1999), Nicosia, 223-237

Gerstad E., (et. al.), 1937 The Swedish Cyprus Expedition, III, 287-288

Nικολάου K., 1964 "Aνασκαφή τάφων εις Mάριον", RDAC, Department of Antiquities of Cyprus, Nicosia, 131-187

Nικολάου K., 1966 "Αρχαίοι Λιμένες εν Κύπρω", Δελτίον Tμήματος Πολιτιστικής Aναπτύξεως, Yπουργείο Παιδείας, 6-7, 97

Raban Avner, 1995 "The Heritage of Ancient Harbour Engineering in Cyprus and the Levant", in Karageorghis V.-Michaelides D., Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea, University of Cyprus-Cyprus Ports Authority, Nicosia, 165

Μαραγκού Α. Γ., 1997 Τα λιμάνια της Κύπρου, Πολιτιστικό Κέντρο Λαϊκής Τράπεζας, Λευκωσία, 284


Marion


Pausanias refers to the harbour of Methoni, or Mothoni, at the Messeniaka (IV 35.1): ‘According to me, the rock called Mothon gave its name to the area; it is also responsible for forming the city’s harbour since it shortens the ships’ entrance, as it runs under the water surface and also, keeps the water calm’. The city, without reference to its port is mentioned by Strabo, Homer, under the name Pedasos, and Thucydides.




Methoni


Blackman D. J., 1973

‘Evidence of Sea Level in ancient harbours and coastal installations’, στον Blackman D. J. (ed), Marine Archaeology, Colston Papers, London

Flemming N. C., 1969

‘Archaeological evidence for Eustatic Change of Sea level and Earth Movements’, Western Mediterranean during the last 2000 years, The Geological Society of America, Special paper 109, Colorado

Kraft J. C. & Ascenbrenner S. E., 1977

‘Paleogeographic Reconstructions in the Methoni Embayment in Greece’, Journal of field archaeology 4

 

Thucydides

History of the Peloponnesian War, ΙI 25, IV 45, translation R. Warner, Penguin Classics, Harmondsworth

Λιανός Ν., 1987

‘Μελέτη στα Αρχαία Λιμενικά Έργα της Μεθώνης’, Αναστήλωση-Συντήρηση-Προστασία Μνημείων και Συνόλων, Αθήνα (Study of the ancient harbour works of Methoni)

Παυσανίας

Ελλάδος Περιήγησις ΙV 35, μετάφραση Ν. Παπαχατζή, Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Αθήνα

Σπονδύλη Η., 1996

‘Συμβολή στη μελέτη διαμόρφωσης των ακτών με βάση τον εντοπισμό νέων αρχαιολογικών θέσεων’, Ενάλια IV 3/4 (Contribution in the study of coastal formation in relation to the location of new archaeological sites)

Στράβωνας

Γεωγραφία VIII 4.3, μετάφραση Π. Θεοχαρίδης, Κάκτος, Ο. Χατζόπουλος




Methoni


K.Lehmann-Hartleben, Die antiken Hafenanlagen des Mittelmeeres (1923) 270 Kat.Nr.172 sv. Misenum; 277 Kat.Nr.224 sv. Portus Iulius; 278 Kat.Nr.233 sv. Puteoli - F.Castagnoli, Topografia dei Campi Flegrei, in: Campi Flegrei nel’archeologia e nella storia, Atti Convegni Lincei 33 (1977) 41-79 - S.E.Ostrow, Problems in the Topography of Roman Puteoli. Diss AnnArbor 1977 - S.E. Ostrow, The Topography of Puteoli and Baiae on the eight Glass Flasks. In: Puteoli. Studi Storia Antica 3, 1979, 77-140 - M.Borriello, A.d'Ambrosi, Baiae-Misenum. Forma Italiae XIV (1979) - H.-O. Lamprecht, Opus caementitium. Bautechnik der Römer (2.Aufl.,1985) - P.Amalfitano, G.Camodeca, M.Medri, I campi Flegrei. Un itinerario archeologico (1990) - G.Di Fraia, Baia sommersa. Nuove evidenze topografiche e monumentali. Asubacq I (1993) 21-48 - P.A.Gianfrotta, Puteoli sommersa, in: Puteoli 1993, 115-124 - P.A.Gianfrotta, Unterwasserarchäologie im Gebiet der Phlegräischen Felder bei Neapel, in: In Poseidons Reich, AW Sondernummer 1995, 32-38 - P.A.Gianfrotta, Harbour structures of the Augustean Age in Italy, in: Kongressband Caesarea Martima. A retrospective after two milenia, Casarea Maritima 1995 (Leiden-New York-Köln 1996) 65-76 - P.Caputo, Attivit di tutela della Soprintendenza archeologica per le province di Napoli e Caserta, Bollettino di Archeologia Subacquea II-III 1995-96, 237-241 - E.Scognamiglio, Aggiornamenti per la topografia di Baia sommersa, Asubacq II (1997) 35-45 - M.Döring, Wasser für den "Sinus Baianus". Römische Ingenieur- und Wasserbauten der Phlegräische Felder, AW 33,3 (2002) 305-319.




Miseno-Puteoli


J.I.S.Whitacker, Motya. A Phoenician Colony in Siciliy (1921) - G.Schmiedt, Contributo della fotografia aerea alla ricostruzione delta topografia antica di Lilibeo, Kokalos (1963) 49-72 - P.Mingazzini, Scopo e natura del cosidetto Kothon a Mozia, Mozia IV (1968) 105-112 - B.S.J.Isserlin, Mozia (Trapani). Scavi eseguiti nel 1970, NSc 1971, 770-774 - B.S.Isserlin, The Cothon at Motya. Archaeology 27 (1974) 188-194 - M.L.Famà, Il porto di Mozia, SicA 28, 87-89 (1995) 171-179 (Kartenmaterial) - weiteres Kartenmaterial s.E.Iachello (Hrsg), L'isola a tre punte. L cartografia storica della Sicilia nella colezione La Gumina, Aust.Kat. Chiesa di S.Maria dello Spasimo, Palermo 2001 (2001) mit weiterführender Bibliografie . Plan der Insel: M.L.Famà, Gli scavi nell’abitato di Mozia 1987-1993: note bibliografiche, in: N.Allegro, Kokalos 39-40 II,2 (1993-94) 1470 Abb.1 .




Mozia



Basciu, E., (Ed.), 1986, I porti alla foce del Tevere. Roma.
Belluomini, G., Iuzzolini, P., Manfra, L., Mortari, R. & Zalassi, M., 1986, Evoluzione recente del delta del Tevere. In: Geol. Rom., 25, pp. 213-234.
Boetto, G., 1998,  Museo delle navi romane. Porto di Claudio, dépliant, Roma.
Boetto G., 2000, Le navi di Fiumicino: un contributo alla ricostruzione della topografia del porto di Claudio e della geomorfologia costiera. In: Atti del II Colloquio Internazionale su Ostia Antica, Ostia Antica 1998, (Mededelingen van het Nederlands Instituut te Rome, 58, Antiquity 1999), p. 41.
Boetto, G., 2001, Les navires de Fiumicino. In : J.-P. Descoeudres (Ed.), Ostie port et porte de la Rome antique, catalogue de l’exposition, Genève, pp. 121-130.
Carcopino, J., 1907. Porto. Il porto Claudio Ostiense secondo recenti tasti. In: NSc, pp. 734-740.
Casson, L., 1965. Harbour and river boats of ancient Rome. In: JRS, LV, pp. 31-39.
Castagnoli, F., 1963, Astura. In: Studi Romani, 11: 637-644.
Chevallier, R., 1986. Ostie antique, ville et port, Paris.
Chevallier, R., 2001. Les ports d’Ostie : pour une relecture des sources. In : J.-P. Descoeudres (Ed.), Ostie port et porte de la Rome antique, catalogue de l’exposition, Genève, pp. 20-29.
Fea, A., 1802, Viaggio ad Ostia, Roma.
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Giuliani, C. F., 1992, Note sulla topografia di Portus. In: V. Mannucci (Ed.), Il parco archeologico naturalistico del porto di Traiano. Metodo e progetto, Roma, pp. 28-44.
Lanciani, R., 1868, Ricerche topografiche sulla città di Porto. In : MonInstCA, 8, pp. 144-195.
Le Gall J., 1953, Le Tibre. Fleuve de Rome dans l’Antiquité, Paris.
Lugli, G., 1961, Il porto ostiense di Claudio. In: Convegno per lo studio della zona archeologica di Classe a mezzo della fotografia aerea, Ravenna, pp. 139-151.
Lugli, G. & Filibeck, G., 1935, Il porto di Roma imperiale e l’agro portuense, Roma.
Mannucci, V., 1987, Osservazioni sulla cartografia portuense. In: BdA, 41, pp. 71-86
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Nibby, A., 1848, Analisi della carta de’ dintorni di Roma, Roma.
Scrinari, V., 1960, Strutture portuali relative al porto di Claudio messo in luce durante i lavori per l’Areoporto Intercontinentale di Fiumicino (Roma). In: Rassegna dei Lavori Pubblici, 3, pp.173-190
Scrinari, V., 1971, Il "Portus Claudii" e i più recenti ritrovamenti nella zona di Fiumicino. In: Atti del III Congresso Internazionale di Archeologia Sottomarina, Barcellona 1961, Bordighera, pp. 215-224.
Scrinari, V., 1979. Le navi del porto di Claudio, Roma.
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Zevi, F., 1994, Le grandi navi mercantili, Puteoli e Roma. In : Le ravitaillement de blé de Rome. Colloque International, Naples 1991, pp. 61-68.
Zevi, F., 2001, Ostie et son port : histoire d’un échec et de ses remèdes. In : J.-P. Descoeudres (Ed.), Ostie port et porte de la Rome antique, catalogue de l’exposition, Genève, pp. 114-120.


Ostia-Claudio


Arnoldus- Paroli, 1995. Alcune considerazioni sullo sviluppo storico dell’ansa del Tevere presso Ostia e sul porto-canale. In: Archeologia Laziale, XII, 2, pp. 383-392.
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Becatti, G., 1961. I mosaici e i pavimenti marmorei. In: Scavi di Ostia, IV.
Calza, G., 1921. Il piazzale delle corporazioni e la funzione commerciale di Ostia. In: BCAR, 43, pp. 178-206.
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Calza, G. et alii, 1953. Scavi di Ostia I, Topografia Generale, Roma.
Canina, L., 1838. Sulla stazione delle navi di Ostia, Roma.
Carcopino, J., 1911. Ostiensia, In: MEFRA, 31, pp. 143-230
Carcopino, J., 1919. Virgile et les origines d’Ostie, Paris.
Chevallier, R., 1986. Ostie antique, ville et port, Paris.
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Ostia-Traiano


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Nicolaou K., 1966 "The Topography of Nea Paphos", Mélanges Offerts à Kl Michalowski, M.-L. Bernhard, Warsow, 561-601

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Hohlfelder R., 1995 "Ancient Paphos Beneath the Sea", in Karageorghis V.-Michaelides D., Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus and the Sea, University of Cyprus-Cyprus Ports Authority, Nicosia, 191-210

Leonard R. J., Hohlfelder R., 1993 "Paphos Harbour, Past and Present: the 1991-1992 Underwater Survey", Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (1993), Nicosia, 365-379

Leonard R. J., R. K. Dunn, R. L. Hohlfelder, 1998 "Geoarchaeological Investigations in Paphos Harbour, 1996", Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (1998), Nicosia, 141-157

Μαραγκού Α. Γ., 1997 Τα Λιμάνια της Κύπρου, Πολιτιστικό Κέντρο Λαϊκής Τράπεζας, Λευκωσία, 1997, 246-263

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1931: Topograph von Athen, (III, 2, 2), Munich.

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1991 Szczecin pradziejowy (do XI w.), (in:) T. Białecki, L. Turek-Kwiatkowska, Szczecin stary i nowy (encyklopedyczny zarys dziejów historycznych dzielnic i osiedli oraz obiektów fizjograficznych miasta). Szczecin, 7-53.

1992 Historia Szczecina. Zarys dziejów miasta od czasów najdawniejszych do 1980 r., Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków. Bobiński S.

1951 Szkicowa analiza planu Starego Miasta Szczecina, PZ, vol. 7, 577-585.

1975 Urbanistyka polskich miast przedlokacyjnych, Warszawa.

Chlopocka H.

1948 Początki Szczecina, RH, vol. 17, 281-335.

1958 rec. pracy B. Wachowiaka 1955, (in:) “Studia i Materiały do Dziejów Wielkopolski i Pomorza", vol. 4,430-2. Chlopocka H., Leciejewicz L, Wieczorowski T.

1985 Okres wczesnofeudalny do roku 1239, (in:) Dzieje Szczecina, vol. 2, Warszawa-Poznań, 15-59.

Filipowiak W.

1985 Słowiańskie ośrodki handlowo-morskie nad Bałtykiem (uwagi o ich początkach i rozwoju), (in:) Tezisy dokladoy

Pol'skoj delegacii na V. Mezdunarodnom Kongresse Slayjanskoj Archeologii, Warszawa, 60-80.

1988a Początki żeglugi słowiańskiej u ujścia Odry, (in:) Studia nad etnogenezą Słowian i kulturą Europy wczesno średniowiecznej, vol. 2, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk-Łódź, 29-46.

1988b Handel und Handeisplatze an der Ostseekuste Westpommerns, BRGK, vol. 69, 690-719.

1989 Die Hąfen und der Schiffhau an der Odermiindung im 9.-12. Jahrhundert, (in:) Untersuchungen zu Handel und Yerkehr der vor- und friihgeschichtiichen Zeit m Mittel- und Nordeuropa. Teił V. Der Yerkehr, Verkehrs-wege, Yerkehrsmittel, Organisation, Gotingen, 351-398.

1991 Die Anfange des Stadtewesens in Pommern, (in:) Fruhgeschichte der europaischen Stadt, Berlin, 148-158. Hensel W.

1987 Słowiańszczyzna wczesnośredniowieczna. Zarys kultury materialnej. Wydanie IV uzupełnione, Warszawa. KiersnowscyT.i R.

1970 Życie codzienne na Pomorzu wczesnośredniowiecznym. Wiek X-XIII, Warszawa.

Kiersnowski R.

1954 Wolin i Szczecin jako główne ośrodki Pomorza Zachodniego we wczesnym średniowieczu, (in:) Szczecin i

Wolin we wczesnym średniowieczu, Wrocław, 5-30. Labuda G.

1952 Problematyka badań wczesnodziejowych Szczecina, PZ, vol. 8, 537-578.

Leciejewicz L.

1962 Początki nadmorskich miast na Pomorzu Zachodnim, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków.

1973 Początki Szczecina w świetle badań archeologicznych, PZpom., vol. 17, 59-75.

1974 Die Entstehung der Stadt Szczecin in Rahmen der friihen Stadtenwicklung an der siidlichen Ostseekuste,

(in:) Vor- und Friihformen der europaischen Stadt im Mittelalter. Teił II, Gotingen, 209-230.

1976 Sporne problemy genezy niezależności politycznej miast przy ujściu Odry we wczesnym średniowieczu, (in:)

Ars historica, Poznań, 295-309.

1983 O rozwoju miast w księstwie zachodniopomorskim na przełomie XII/XIII wieku, (in:) Studia z dziejów i

kultury zachodniej Słowiańszczyzny, Poznań, 121-153.

1985 Die Stammesburgen als Ausgangspunkf derfriihen Stadtenwicklung an der pommerschen Ostseekuste, "Acta

Yisbyensia", vol. 7, 171-184.

1989 Czy byt Szczecin ^najstarszym miastem Pomorza"?, AUW, Historia, vol. 76,41-50.

1990 Les origines de la ville de Szczecin. Questions historiyues et realite archeologiaue", Przeg. Arch., vol. 37,181- 194.

1991 Społeczeństwo ikultura miast pomorskich wXI-XII wieku, (in:) Miasta zachadnioslowiariskie wXI-XIIwieku.

Społeczeństwo - kultura, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków, 205-224.

1995 Kaufleute in westsiawischen Fruhstddten in archaologischen Sicht, (in:) Burg-Burgstadt-Stadt. Zur Genese

mittelalterlicher nichtagrarischer Zentren in Ostmitteleuropa, ed. H. Brachmann, Berlin, 60-7. Leciejewicz L., Rulewicz M., Wesołowski S., Wieczorowski T.

1972 La ville de Szczecin des IX'-XIII' siecles, "Archaeologia Urbium", vol. 2, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk.

Leciejewicz L, Wieczorowski T.

1983 Wczesne średniowiecze do czasu ukształtowania się miasta (VI-Xwiek), (in:) Dzieje Szczecina, vol. l, Warszawa-

Poznań, 521-610.

Lesiński H.

1975 Rozwój portu na tle stosunków handlowych Szczecina od VIII do początku X wieku. On:) Port szczeciński.

Dzieje i rozwój do 1970 roku, Warszawa-Poznań, 11-49.

ŁosińskiW.

1993 Szczeciński ośrodek miejski w dobie przedlokacyjnej, AP, vol. 38, 285-318.

Piskorski J. M., Wachowiak B., Wlodarczyk E.

1993 Szczecin. Zarys dziejów, Poznań.

Rulewicz M.

1978 Średniowieczne nabrzeże Szczecina, ZOW, vol. 64,121-3.

1984 Tymczasowe wyniki badań archeologicznych na Podzamczu w Szczecinie, prowadzonych w latach 1975-1978, SA, vol. 36,151-165.

1994 Rybolówstwo Gdańska na tle ośrodków miejskich Pomorza od K do XIII wieku, “Gdańsk wczesnośrednio wieczny", vol. 10,31-374.

Szczecin

1983 E. Cnotliwy, M. Dekówna, L. Leciejewicz,W. Łosiński, R. Rogosz, M. Rulewicz, S.Wesolowski.Sźczecw we

wczesnym średniowieczu. Wzgórze Zamkowe, Wroclaw-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk-Łódź. Wachowiak B.

1952 Najdawniejszy port Szczecina (X-XIII w.), PZpom. vol 8,579-597.

1955 Port średniowiecznego Szczecina. Gdańsk.

Wesołowski S.

1963 Odkrycie lodzi słowiańskiej na podgrodziu w Szczecinie, ZOW, vol. 29,254-8.

Wieczorowski T.

1954 Szczecin w świetle wykopalisk, (in:) Szczecin i Wolin we wczesnym średniowieczu, Wrocław, 31-44.

1959 Kilka uwag w sprawie wyników badań archeologicznych na Starym Mieście w Szczecinie, "Szczecin", vol. 3,

9-14.

1962 Najnowsze odkrycia archeologiczne na podgrodziu słowiańskim w Szczecinie, "Szczecin", vol. 6,179-184.

Wolny B.

1970 Kartograficzna rekonstrukcja rzeźby terenu (Szczecin w 700 r. ne.), "Przegląd Geodezyjny", vol. 42,164-5.

1971 Próba kartograficznej rekonstrukcji rzeźby terenu Starego Miasta w Szczecinie, PZpom., vol. 15, 63-80.

1983 Próba kartograficznej rekonstrukcji rzeźby terenu Starego Miasta w Szczecinie, (in:) Dzieje Szczecina, vol. l,

Warszawa-Poznań, 27-41.

Zajchowska S.

1952 Pierwotny krajobraz średniowiecznego Szczecina, PZ., vol. 8, 598-611.




Szczecin


K.Lehmann-Hartleben, Die antiken Hafenanlagen des Mittelmeeres (1923) 284 Kat.Nr. 283 sv. Terracina - G.Lugli, Anxur-Terracina. Forma Italiae R.I,I (1926) - G.Lugli, La tecnica edilizia romana (1957) - E.Felici, La ricerca sui porti romani in cementizio: metodi e obiettivi, in: G.Volpe (Hrsg.), Archeologia subacquea. Come opera l’archeologo, storie delle acque. VIII ciclo di lezioni sulla Ricerca applicata in Archeologia, Certosa di Pontignano 1996 (Florenz 1998) 275-340.




Terracina


Αρχοντίδου Α. & Empereur J.-Y., 1987a

”Ελληνογαλλική έρευνα στο αρχαίο λιμάνι της Θάσου. Αναφορά δύο ανασκαφικών περιόδων”, Αναστύλωση – Συντήρηση – Προστασία Μνημείων και Συνόλων, 2, 1987, σελ. 73-77.

(Archontidou Α. & Empereur J.-Y., 1987a, ”Gallo-Ellenike anaskaphe sto archaio limani tes Thasou; Ekthese ton dyo anaskafikon periodon", Anastylose – Synterese – Prostasia Mnemeion kai Synolon, 2, Athens, pp. 73-77.)

Archontidou A. & Empereur J. –Y., 1987b

"Thasos, 3 : Le port", B.C.H. 111, pp.622-626.

Archontidou-Argyri A., Simossi A. & Empereur J. –Y., 1989

"The underwater excavation at the ancient port of Thasos, Greece", I.J.N.A. 18.1, pp. 51-59.

Blackman, D.J., 1982

"Ancient Harbours in the Mediterranean", I.J.N.A., 11.2, pp.79-104.

Blackman, D.J., 1982

"Ancient Harbours in the Mediterranean", I.J.N.A., 11.3, 1982. pp.185-211.

Empereur J. –Y. & Simossi A., 1988

"Thasos, 2: Le port", B.C.H. 112, pp.736-742.

Empereur J. –Y. & Simossi A., 1989

"Thasos: Le port", B.C.H. 113, 2, pp. 734-740.

Empereur J. –Y. & Simossi A., 1990

"Thasos: Le port", B.C.H. 114, 2, pp. 881-887.

Empereur J. –Y. & Simossi A., 1991

"Thasos: Le port", B.C.H. 115, 2, pp. 712-720.

Empereur J. –Y. & Simossi A., 1992

"Thasos: Le port", B.C.H. 116, 2, pp. 721-726.

Empereur J. –Y. & Simossi A., 1993

"Thasos: Le port", B.C.H. 117, 2, pp. 647-652.

Grandjean Y. & Salviat F., 2000

Guide de Thasos, 2000, pp. 52-57 EfA.

Λιανός N., Σίμωσι A. & Empereur J.-Y., 1985

”Ενάλιες έρευνες στο λιμάνι της Θάσου”, Α.Α.Α. 18, σελ. 119-136.

(Lianos N., Simossi A. & Empereur J.-Y., 1985, Enalies ereunes sto limani tes Thasou, Α.Α.Α. 18, pp. 119-136.)

Lianos N.A., 1993

"The area of the ancient closed of Thasos (A preliminary report)", 1993, Tropis V [1999], pp.133-160.

Perrot G., 1864

Mιmoire sur l’ξle de Thasos, Paris.

Σίμωσι A. & Empereur J. –Y., 1985

”Ενάλιες έρευνες στο λιμάνι της Θάσου”, Α.Α.Α. 18, σελ. 119-136.

(Simossi A. & Empereur J. –Y., 1985, "Enalies ereunes sto limani tes Thasou", A.A.A. 18, pp. 129-134.)

Σίμωσι Α. & Empereur J. –Y., 1987

A.A.A. 20, σελ. 75-92.

(Simossi Α. & Empereur J. –Y., 1987, A.A.A. 20, pp. 75-92.)

 

Σίμωσι Α. & Empereur J. –Y., 1990

”Θάσος, Αρχαίο λιμάνι”, Α.Δ. 45 [1995], Χρονικά ’΄2, σελ. 529-532.

(Simossi Α. & Empereur J. –Y., 1990, ”Thasos, Archaio Limani”, A.D. 45 [1995], Chronika ’΄2, pp. 529-532)

Σίμωσι Α. & Empereur J. –Y., 1991

”Θάσος, Υποβρύχια ανασκαφική έρευνα”, Α.Δ. 46 [1996], Χρονικά ’΄2, σελ. 525-526.

(1991: Thasos, Underwater research, A.D. 46 [1996], Chronika ’΄2, pp. 525-526.)

Σίμωσι Α. & Empereur J. –Y., 1992

”Θάσος, Εμπορικό λιμάνι”, Α.Δ. 47 [1997], Χρονικά ’΄2, σελ. 694-696.

(1992: Thasos, "Commercial Port" , A.D. 47 [1997], Χρονικά ’΄2, pp. 694-696.)

Simossi A., 1993

Le port de guerre de Thasos, D.E.A., Universitι Aix-En Provence 1, Juin 1993.

Σίμωσι Α., 1994-1995

”Το αρχαίο πολεμικό λιμάνι της Θάσου”, Α.Δ. 49-50, Μελέτες Α΄ [1998], σελ. 133-159.

(Simossi Α. & Empereur J. –Y., 1994-1995: "Thasos, to archaio polemikolimani tes Thasou", A.D. 49-50, Meletes Α [1998], pp. 133-160.)

Simossi A., 1995

”Les Neoria du port de guerre de Thasos: une dιcouverte rιcente”, Mιlanges Claude Vatin, 1995, pp. 163-178.




Thasos


This text is partially based on J.-M.A.W.Morel, De vroeg-Romeinse versterking te Velsen 1. Fort en haven (diss.), Amsterdam 1988. and J.-M.A.W.Morel, The early roman harbours. Velsen, in: R.W.Brandt, W.Groenman-van Waateringe & S.E.van der Leeuw (eds.), Assendelver Polder Papers 1, Amsterdam 1987, pags. 169-175.


Velsen


G.M.De Rossi, Ventobene e S.Stefano (1993) - L.Franco, L'ingegneria marittima nell'antichità, in: L'Acqua 3,1997, 7-24




Ventotene


Filipowiak W.

1954 Wolin w świetle wykopalisk, (w:) Szczecin i Wolin we wczesnym Średniowieczu, Wrocław, 45-64.

  • Port wczesnośredniowiecznego Wolina, Materiały Zachodniopomorskie, t. 2, 183-208.
  • Wyspa Wolin w prahistorii i we wczesnym średniowieczu, (w:) Z dziejów ziemi Wolińskiej, Szczecin, 37-137.
  • Die Bedeutung Wollins im Ostseehandel, Acta Visbyensia 7, 121-138.
  • 1985 “Garnek Wulkana”- najstarsza latarnia morska nad Bałtykiem w XI wieku, (w:) Nummus et historia, 91-102.

  • Die Hafen von Wolin im IX-XIV Jahrhundert, (in:) hrsg. von M. Glaser, Archaologie des Mittelalters und Bauforschung im Hanseraum, Rostock, 261-269.
  • 1994 Shipbuilding at the Mouth of the River Odra (Oder), (w:) Crossroads in Ancient Shipbuilding, ISBA 6, Roskilde 1991, Oxbow Monograph 40, 83-96.

  • Wolin – Die Entwicklung des Seehandelszentrums im VIII-XII Jh., SlAnt 36, 92- 104.
  • 1994 Wolin i żegluga u ujścia Odry w świetle chronologii radiowęglowej, (w:) Geochronometria 9, 113-125.

    1995 Wolin – die Entwicklung des Seehandelszentrum im 8.-12. Jh., SIAnt, 36, 93-104.

    1996 "Żywot” statku średniowiecznego, (w:) Słowiańszczyzna w Europie 2, Wrocław, 91-96.

  • Wolin und Szczecin – Hafen und Topographie der mittelalterlichen Stadt, (in:) Maritime Topography and the Mediewal Town 4, Copenhagen, 61-70.
  • Neue Quellen zur Ubergangsform vom Einbaumboot zum Plankenboot an der Oder- mundung, (w:) Minscellanea Archaeologica. Festgabe fur Adriaan von Muller zum 70.Geburtstag. Beitrage zur Denkmalpflege in Berlin. Sonderband, Berlin, Landes-denkmalamt, 34-39.
  •  

    Kiersnowski R.

    1951 Kamień i Wolin, Przegląd Zachodni 7, z. 9-10, 178-225.

     

    Kunkel O., Wilde K. A.

    1942 Jumne /"Vineta"/ Jomsborg / Julin. Wolin. 5 Jahre Ausgrabungen auf dem Boden der wikingerzeitlichen GroBsiedlungen am Dievenowstrom 1934-1939/40, Stettin.

    Leciejewicz L.

    1962 Początki nadmorskich miast na pomorzu Zachodnim, Warszawa-Kraków.

     

    Pazdur M., Goslar T., Awsiuk R., Pazdur A.

  • Chronologia radiowęglowa początków osadnictwa w Wolinie i żeglugi u ujścia Odry, Geochronometria 9, 127-195.
  •  

    Ważny T., Ekstein D.

    1987 Dendrochronologiczne datowanie wczesnośredniowiecznej słowiańskiej osady Wolin, MZ-P, t. 33,147-165.

    Ważny T.

    2001 Badania dendrochronologiczne portu i osady w Wolinie, Instantia est mater doctrinae, Szczecin, 155-156.

    Wilde K.A.

    1953 Die Bedeutung der Grabung Wolin 1934, Hamburg.




    Wolin


    H.von Petrikovits, Die Ausgrabungen in der Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Die Ausgrabungen der Kernsiedlung und der Uferanlagen 1934-36, BJb 152 (1952) 138-157 - Chr.B.Rüger, in: H.G.Horn (Hrsg.), Die Römer in Nordrhein-Westfalen (1987), sv. Xanten, 619-650 - K.H. Knörzer-T.Leichtle-J.Meurers-Balke-R.Neidhöfer, Der römische Hafen von Xanten. Geologische und botanische Untersuchungen. Xantener Berichte 5 (1994) - S.Leih, Der römische Hafen der Colonia Ulpia Traiana in Xanten, in: H.G.Horn-H.Hellenkemper-H.Koschik, B.Trier (Hrsg.), Ein Land macht Geschichte. Archäologie in NRW (1995) 233-235. Bibliographie zu den Ankerfunden: G.Krause, Römische Anker aus Xanten und Duisburg. Colonia Ulpia Traiana, 4. Arbeitsbericht zu den Grabungen und Rekonstrukionen (1980) - H.J.Schalles, Zeugnisse römischer Schiffahrt. Neue Ankerfunde vom unteren Niederrhein. in: Spurenlese. Beiträge zur Geschichte des Xantener Raumes (1989) 81-88, Taf.6-7.




    Xanten


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