Harbour informations about: Function Commercial / Military

During all periods, the harbour was used for commercial purposes. Only during the Roman period, under the Emperor Vespasian, the harbour had also a military function. Today it os only a port for fishing boats and yachts


Getrennter Militär- und Handelshafen (ca. 14 Ha). Künstlicher Hafen (Kothon) aus der Frühzeit Karthagos, davon äußerer Teil (500x300m) als Handelshafen, innerer runder Teil ( Durchmesser ca. 300m) als Kriegshafen für ca.186 Kriegsschiffe (literarisch überliefert wird die Aufnahmekapazität von 220 Schiffen).


The important element in the socioeconomic structure of this powerful (during the classical period) city – harbour was the simultaneous presence of the Dockyard and the Naval base of Athens with the Mercantile Marine center of eastern Mediterranean. During the drawing of the plans for the city of Piraeus, the dominating functional factors were the three ports and the essential installations to support their use, while the rest of the city (public buildings, temples, houses) was built around them.

The central harbour, Cantharus, served as the commercial port as well as the as the second largest dockyard Athenians. The ports of Zea and Munychia were fully occupied by the use of the Dockyards.


Il porto militare di Roma è noto unicamente grazie alle scarse notizie pervenuteci dalle fonti scritte mentre non è stato ancora localizzato con precisione sul terreno.


A reef can be discerned today that goes parallel to the shore at distance of almost 100m, forming a "lagoon" at the south of it. The two ancient harbours of Salamis were at the north and south ends of this "lagoon". The commercial harbour was more likely at the south and the military harbour to the north.


Back to the homepage of NAVIS II