Mazarrón

 

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1.- Excavation data

The Vessel I of Mazarrón was excavated in the spring of 1995, inside the context of the 'Nave Fenicia’ proyect, it began in October of 1993 and it concluded about June of 1995. In this project it were prospected systematically 72.000 m2 at the Playa de la Isla Mazarrón (Murcia), and it were recovered more than 7.000 fragments of phoenician objects, the wessel I (Mazzarrón I) was excavated, it was carried out an underwater mold of the remains, it was recovered and I carried to the Museum. and the Ship II was located, it is also a phoenician ship, with similar characteristics of the first one. This second ship was covered appropriately and it remains are, even, in the sea bottom of the mentioned bay.

The remains of the ship I was only covered for a thin stratum of sand. They rested on a layer of dead oceanic posidonea. The superior strates to the ship that, once a time, they should cover it (foregonely layers of sand and dead algae), they disappeared in a moment that we can not specify. Their blooming was due to the change of currents taken place by the immediate construction of a marine close the wreck.

Due to it position, practically superficial, it didn't appear the cargo 'in situ'. However if that appeared, on the surface of the wood, remains of dunnage, formed by small pieces of branches fastened together with rope.

The excavation was carried out by means of a grid of 70 x 70 cm.

2.- Constructive aspects of the Barco I

The maximum dimensions conserved are 5.5 m. long and 1.3 m. wide aprox. The recovered remains are: the keel, remains of 9 planks embedded to one of the sides of the keel and remains of 4 frames embedded to the described hull. The keel is of approximately square section and it presents in plan view a light thickness in its center that gives a similar aspect like the 'éntasis' of the classic columns. In one of their ends preserve perfectly the system of union with the sternpost.

The 9 planks are united to each other, and to the keel, by means of the system of mortices and tennons. Also, they present along their sides a system of sewn that it is studiying at the moment. The frames are shaped with an approximately cylindrical sections. They are fastened together to the hull by means of bonds that hug to the frames and they pass over to the planks.

Both sides, the interior as the exterior one, present abundant remains of resin, it looks like it have been covered entirety of resin to waterproof the ship.

3.- Datación

The datation systems have been the following ones.

1.- The archaeological context of the bay; around 70% of the whole recovered material of the bottom of the sea bay corresponds to the second half of the century VII B.C., mientras que el restante 30 % se distribuye desde la antigüedad hasta nuestro siglo. The stratum on which rests most of these phoenician potery is the same stratum that serves from context to the ship remains. During excavations campaign of 1996 numerous fragmentes of phoenician potery was documented located immediately under the wood of the ship, of which separated them, only, a layer of 4 or 5 cm. of sand.

2.- The features of naval construction. The main aspects have already been above mentioned. All they are known for the ships of the first half of the first millennium B.C.

3.- The 14C: 5 samples of wood and algae were sent at Groningen University (Holland).

All the dates it plows framed in the centuries VII, VII and SAW B.C. The sum and the crosslink of all these data, with a special reference to the phoenician potery, contribute to give us a glogal date of the 650 - 600 B.C.

 



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